Java Applet Coordinate System

Constant ABSCISSA is the number of the axis which will be the abscissa of the coordinate system in the default GUI configuration. Object implements Component. About these methods we discuss later clearly in AWT – Graphics topic. such as mozila and internet explorer. The Equator and the Prime Meridian are the reference lines used to measure latitude and longitude. CreateESRISpatialReferenceFromPRJFile takes an old or new style PRJ file and creates either a geographic or projected coordinate system from it, depending on the file contents. Format patterns that contain # create strings of varying lengths, so it is hard to align numbers in columns of output. Choose from 34 different sets of applets flashcards on Quizlet. 2 was added to DownloadKeeper this week and last updated on 30-Nov-2019. The equatorial coordinate system is centered at Earth’s center, but fixed relative to the celestial poles and the vernal equinox. In most Geogebra applets, you can move objects by dragging them with the mouse. Positive x values are to the right, and positive y values are down. Ralph Westfall June, 2010 * * * * * * * * * * What Is an Applet? a special Java class that doesn't run in a DOS window runs in a web browser on client, in a window, on a HTML page Java has security features to keep the applet from acting like a virus on the client machine Creating an Applet need import statements to bring in classes, etc. Translate coordinate system /*----- * Translate. A spatial reference describes where features are located in the real world. The Code: Download the source code to the applets here: Code for Basic Applet; Code for Advanced Applet; Code for Basic Positive Applet; Compile the source code with the Java SDK and make sure that all the image files (. It starts the program and ties it to the native browser. So the bigger the X value, the farther a point is to the right. Parameter 1. In Java 3D, locations are described by using x, y, z coordinates. js, what the numbers represent in regard with canvas dimensions. Coordinate Systems The Java 2D system maintains two coordinate spaces. Therefore, we also begin the discussion with point particle and later on we will study collection of particles or rigid body. fukinotou11d 37,670 views. Graphics Objects In Java most drawing takes place via a graphics object. Oct 15, 2009 · Yes, but you are asking about the origin of the coordinate system. String[] args, java. License and disclaimer: This utility and source code is released under the Microsoft Public License (Ms-PL). double: getPseudoStandardParallel1() The latitude on an oblique spheroid that defines the oblique cone for a Krovak projected coordinate system. This can be done by a series of transformations, translations and rotations. An applet is a small program that is intended not to be run on its own, but rather to be embedded inside another application. Each time a button is pressed, the word “Down. Such applets may also find use in presenting the results of a research finding to an uninitiated audience, as has been explained with the help of another example. The Applet. I hope this can help you! Make you inner class static in order to insert new objects like you have or new Outer(). Have the applet be one pixel less than the size specified on the web page, and the phrase starting at the coordinates 5, 15. The axial coordinate system, sometimes called “trapezoidal”, is built by taking two of the three coordinates from a cube coordinate system. 2) 3)Listener objects "wait" for an event to occur. Please select certificate to be used for authentication. Let me know if you have any other questions! thanks, Andrew. Returns the pose of the Android Sensor Coordinate System in the world coordinate space for this frame. fukinotou11d 37,670 views. The area function applet is an extension of the area applet. NonEuclid is a Java Software Simulation offering Straightedge and Compass Constructions in both the Poincaré Disk and the Upper Half-Plane Models of Hyperbolic Geometry (a geometry of Einstein's General Relativity Theory and Curved Hyperspace) for use in High School and Undergraduate Education. Draw or load the functions you want to print; Click on the Print button at the top left to print the graphs. When defining a custom projected coordinate system, make use of the predefined objects available in the various esriSR* enumerations. An applet can perform functions like displaying graphics, animation, accept user input, etc. it adds new coordinate data for new pieces, unfortunately it is using the exact same coordinates for every piece so they are being drawn right on top of each other. double: getPseudoStandardParallel1() The latitude on an oblique spheroid that defines the oblique cone for a Krovak projected coordinate system. Choose the Projected Coordinate System folder or the Geographic Coodinate System folder, depending upon the Coordinate Systems of your other files and how you want to match them. Within the java applet code, I need to know the absolute screen coordinates of the applet. The new is substantially different from prior Oracle Java licenses. JCCKit is written for the JDK™ 1. When the prize button is pressed, the status bar shows "You got it in x attempts!". There is a class in java called Class Point. The default view graph is taken care of by the SimpleUniverse class, if the programmer doesn't want to bother himself with specifying the position and. Developed by Shawn Gano. We combine both the lines in such a way that the two lines cross each other at their zeroes or origins. Java Coordinate System Cited from the Book Java How to Program By default, the upper-left corner of a GUI component has the coordinates (0, 0). Java applets are a great way to provide executable programs through common world wide web software. To do so, we will need to learn how we can "project" a 3D point onto the surface of a 2D drawable surface (which we will call in this lesson, a canvas) using some simple geometry rules. Applets • Executed by a browser or applet viewer • Opens a window, as well as the Java console • Applet viewer comes with Java Software Development Kit (SDK) Applet Structure • Do not use main method • Two methods called automatically: 1. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1. Additionally GeoCalc. All we have to do is walk once and then spin. 2 was added to DownloadKeeper this week and last updated on 30-Nov-2019. You can draw line segments in the first canvas pane (the first line, when drawn, causes Java to perform some initialization, so it takes much longer to draw than subsequent ones). By putting a ". java the paint() method displays information in an applet's window (note that this is no main() method) its parameter, G raphics g, makes graphics capability available to an applet. doc Unzip Password: prestobear. The origin is at the center of the depth camera. Coordination of projects, technical leadership and personnel management, ensuring compliance with the development methodology. Mar 02, 2013 · Cartesian Coordinates vs Polar Coordinates In Geometry, a coordinate system is a reference system, where numbers (or coordinates) are used to uniquely determine the position of a point or other geometric element in space. The most commonly used coordinate system today is the latitude, longitude, and height system. y1 - the y coordinate of the upper left corner of the oval to be drawn. 6 - and uses NASA's WorldWind Java SDK (included) and JOGL for 3D rendering (included for win). The upper-left corner of the canvas has the coordinates (0,0) In the previous chapter, you saw this method used: fillRect(0,0,150,75). dy1 - the y coordinate within the first cell. Figure 3: Applet elements tree (hierarchy) When a user interacts with the applet in Figure 2, the Java run-time system creates an instance of class Event and fills its data members with information describing the action. It starts the program and ties it to the native browser. The amount of memory available to Java applets is configurable. The applet viewer is invoked on an HTML file, e. x and y coordinates Java programs use an x,y coordinate system for all their graphic operations. 49) of the text. The Java run-time system then allows the applet to handle the event. Java Applets in HTML - A simple html guide. com, a free online graphing calculator. String: getRemarks() The comment string of this spatial reference component. The longitude defines the position to the east or west of the prime meridian. Returns: java. - Agile QA Engineer at Mediatech Solutions: Automating tests to verify the quality of PAS (Player Account System) using SCRUM methodology. In fact, if you bring up the Java console (under the Options menu),. dy2 - the y coordinate within the second cell. This is a Java applet. … This is really the only point on the canvas … that we can be sure exists. Horizontal Coordinate System is a celestial coordinate system that uses the observer’s local horizon as the fundamental plane. The most commonly used coordinate system today is the latitude, longitude, and height system. In Java 3D, locations are described by using x, y, z coordinates. It starts the program and ties it to the native browser. width x2 - the width of the oval to be drawn y2 - the height of the oval to be drawn. To do so, we will need to learn how we can "project" a 3D point onto the surface of a 2D drawable surface (which we will call in this lesson, a canvas) using some simple geometry rules. This is how I create a body and draw a sprite:. Second, this applet shows how looking at only a very small portion of any curve produces a straight line (linear approximation) of that curve. Applet; import java. To keep it as simple as possible, let's assume that the Earth's shape is a sphere and that the origin of our coordinate system is at the center of the Earth. The term Applet refers to a little application. An applet is simply a Java miniprogram that runs within a web browser or viewer. The UTM system divides the Earth into 60 zones, each based on the Transverse Mercator projection. Chart Construction Kit for the Java™ platform The JCCKit is a small (< 100Kb) library and a very flexible framework for creating scientific charts and plots. The Beta version of Chart FX 7 for Java Desktop is provided on an “as-is” basis and exclusively at the risk of the user. Coordsjava Draw rectangles to illustrate the Java coordinate system import from EGN 3000 at University of South Florida The applet will appear wherever you insert. Plot implicit and parametric equations, add variables with sliders, define series and recursive functions. The latitude is the distance of lines from the equator to the north or south. It also erases the current drawing and resets the coordinate system, pen radius, pen color, and font back to their default values. In some, you can enter values with the keyboard. These types of applications are called applet applications. java are source files for the applet counterpart of Peace. This applet draws the string "Hello world!" starting at location (50,25). How to create a 3D cartesian coordinate system Aside from that it would probably be easiest if you came up with a small Java Web Startable or stand-alone example. The Java Coordinate System. To reset the applet to its original view, click the icon in the upper right hand corner. Positive x values are to the right, and positive y values are down. Parameter 1. This may not be true for at the 50 mas level. Tick marks and labels are added as before. •Applets are Java programs that are usually part of a Web site. This class provides the necessary structure to coordinate with a Web Browser. -which is two dimensional, three dimensional or n-dimensional space. applet package has Applet class that provides necessary support for applet applications. To locate the cursor, the MouseEvent class defines two methods getX() and getY() that return x and y coordinates position of mouse action. Applet java. They are stand-alone programs that run under the Java interpreter. General information about Geogebra Web applets. This is a Java applet. Applets are used to make the web. The Virtual Coordinate System used by WebFOCUS Graphics is based on a Cartesian grid. TWCC, "The World Coordinate Converter", is an Open Source tool to convert geodetic coordinates in a wide range of reference systems. The drawString is the member of the Graphics class of the AWT package. Re: arraylists to store coordinates for a snake applet ok so i've figured out how to get the array going. red arrow : the velocity v of the mass. This applet was created using Geogebra. since the graphics coordinate system is different from the conventional XY system, sign changes are neccessary to keep consistancy. Java passes us a graphics object as part of the paint method signature. The coordinates finder or coordinate locator will search for longitude and latitude on map. package z_applets;. In one system frequently encountered in physics ( r, θ, φ) gives the radial distance, polar angle, and azimuthal angle, whereas in another system used in many mathematics books (r, θ, φ) gives the radial distance, azimuthal angle,. Applet; import java. To sketch the graph of a polar equation a good first step is to sketch the graph in the Cartesian coordinate system. These are the Spherical Coordinates, as well as a reference to the Sphere that the SphereItem belongs to. raw download clone embed report print Java 3. Not a member of Pastebin yet? Sign Up, it unlocks many cool features!. Enter either a latitude and longitude in the upper data fields or the UTM. An overview of general settings General settings apply to most tools and contain things such as the current and scratch workspace and the output coordinate system. The horizontal axis is usually referred to as the X- axis and the vertical the Y- axis (note that the X- axis is also sometimes called Easting and the Y- axis the Northing ). String name) Retrieves an attribute value by name. The X axis goes across the window, and the Y axis goes down the window. LiveGraphics3D is a non-commercial Java 1. Jul 14, 2019 · This java example shows how to draw ovals & circles in an applet window using drawOval method of Graphics class. Matt is absolutely correct. Take note of the places in the code where sign changes are pointed out. Search Projects & Source Codes: Description creating an applet for a simple graph. *; /*The JAVA literature lists the following: Parameters: x1 - the x coordinate of the upper left corner of the oval to be drawn. The information about how r changes with θ can then be used to sketch the graph of the equation in the polar coordinate. Class which is contained in javax. An interactive tutorial on how to plot points given by their polar coordinates. If omitted, the geographic coordinate system with horizontal coordinates in degrees (i. The class defines coordinate systems in terms of the operations needed to transform the standard coordinate system (currently J2000) to the coordinate system associated with the object. Once the new coordinate system is determined, we face the task of transforming the scene to this coordinate system, that is from the models original (x,y,z)-coordinates to the new system (u,v,n)-coordinates. Further Java UI components are added to the panel. Java application: The vOICe Java auditory display can not only be run as an applet (i. The first visible pixel in the upper-left corner of the applet canvas is (0, 0). Note: To run these applets you will need a Java-enabled browser. The potential flow field is built as a superposition of basic flow singularities. The coordinate grid consists of the xy domain, xy resolution, and xy cluster tolerance properties of a spatial reference. For a low precision GCS the upper right hand corner is adjusted to achieve a default resolution of 1/500 of an arc-second. One such restriction is that an applet is not allowed to call the System. New downloads are added to the member section daily and we now have 316,075 downloads for our members, including: TV, Movies, Software, Games, Music and More. You define a spatial reference when creating a geodatabase feature dataset or stand-alone feature class. Jun 28, 2010 · In this example, I will draw in java Cartesian two-dimensional coordinate system with positive x-axis (abscissa), and positive y-axis (ordinate). The basic definitions and terminology are covered in section P. A point representing a location in (x,y) coordinate space, specified in integer precision. Spherical coordinate system. The horizontal axis is usually referred to as the X- axis and the vertical the Y- axis (note that the X- axis is also sometimes called Easting and the Y- axis the Northing ). Viewing transformation is selected as a bridge between the world and screen coordinate. A user account is not needed for the features on this web page. 0, we have discontinued support for versions of Java prior to 1. Follow the instructions below to increase this limit. World to Eye Coordinates • We need to transform from the world coordinates to the eye coordinates • The eye coordinate system is specified by: – View reference point (VRP) • (VRP x, VRP y, VRP z) – Direction of the axes: eye coordinate system • U = (ux, uy, uz) • V = (vx, vy, vz) • N = (nx, ny, nz) World to Eye Coordinates. An Interactive Method of Characteristics Java Applet to Design and Analyze Supersonic Aircraft Nozzles. The top left corner of Java drawing area is coordinate (0,0). The methods to set color we saw in the previous section also apply to text. The Navigator uses two coordinate systems The Atlas of the Human Brain system and the Talairach system. Take note of the places in the code where sign changes are pointed out. Equatorial system. How Euclidean Coordinate System Differs from Homogeneous Coordinate system? Point in Euclidean plane can be written in many ways: either using Cartesian coordinate system, or polar coordinate system. Java uses the standard, two-dimensional, computer graphics coordinate system. This tutorial also help in gaining a deeper understanding of polar coordinates and may be used with another tutorial on Graphing Polar Equations. Java Applets. The applet's coordinate system starts at (0,0), which is at the upper left corner of the applet's display area. The first visible pixel in the upper-left corner of the applet canvas is (0, 0). Before using Java AWT classes, understanding the Java coordinate system is essential. @ The top left corner of the area is coordinate <0,0>. The first is how a transformation applied to a coordinate system affects the axes of that coordinate system. The Applet. The equatorial coordinate system is centered at Earth’s center, but fixed relative to the celestial poles and the vernal equinox. awt package. An interactive tutorial on how to plot points given by their polar coordinates. By default, the upper-left corner of a GUI component has the coordinates (0, 0). Java uses the standard, two-dimensional, computer graphics coordinate system. Choose the Projected Coordinate System folder or the Geographic Coodinate System folder, depending upon the Coordinate Systems of your other files and how you want to match them. Convert WGS84 coordinate to Google Map coordinate system (EPSG::3785) with GeoTools and Java. is written in Java, so that it runs in any web browser, and it is free software, distributed under the GNU General Public License. A coordinate pair is composed of an x-coordinate (the horizontal coordinate) and a y-coordinate (the vertical coordinate). This offer does not extend to any application that is made for profit. - plot points on a polar coordinate. println() outputs to the screen, the output that appears in applets varies from system to system and browser to browser. The drawLine method parameters are (x1, y1, x2, y2). In this virtual lab, you are presented with a representation of a cardboard box. It is not possible for an applet to access the files on the users hard disk. Thus, it is suitable for scientific Applets and for PDA's running a PersonalJava™ implementation. …So look at any point on a flat surface,…we use a two axis coordinate system. Here, the x-coordinate denotes the horizontal distance and the y-coordinate is the vertical distance from the upper left comer of the component, respectively. Simple Program in Java to Implement Multithreading Satish. On This Page: • About The Color Tool • Color Tool: Panels and Controls • How to use Hue Design Panel • How to use Luminance Design Panel • System Requirements Designers of information graphics need to choose color combinations that are legible and that help direct the users' attention to the most important information. Illustrates dynamic texture coordinate generation using the TexCoordGeneration class : Texture « 3D « Java coordinate generation using the TexCoordGeneration. Enter either a latitude and longitude in the upper data fields or the UTM. Siebel Systems Analyst to develop architecture, frameworks and strategies to meet application requirements - Government Client - Ottawa S. I am using Firefox 3. Under IE11 and Java7u55 the applet pop ups Identification required. Coordinate Systems The Java 2D system maintains two coordinate spaces. I think the only issue is that the FX code may see bad numbers for where these embedded windows live on the secondary screens, but as long as the translation between the Java coordinate system and the Mac screen coordinate systems are consistent, no actual bugs happen in practice. Parameter 1. Further Java UI components are added to the panel. The Galactic Coordinate System The galactic coordinate system is the key to understanding where objects are located within the Galaxy. Developed by Shawn Gano. A coordinate pair is composed of an x-coordinate (the horizontal coordinate) and a y-coordinate (the vertical coordinate). The applet automatically draws this line and calculates the distance between the line and the data. The coordinate system for a Windows Form is based on device coordinates, and the basic unit of measure when drawing in Windows Forms is the device unit (typically, the pixel). Since we have a constraint such as x + y + z = 0, the third coordinate is redundant. For each dynamical system, you have to define a subclass of the class MechSystem. To perform these operations, we are going to use three methods - getCodeBase() and getImage() method of Applet class and drawImage() method of Image class. Have the applet be one pixel less than the size specified on the web page, and the phrase starting at the coordinates 5, 15. The coordinate grid consists of the xy domain, xy resolution, and xy cluster tolerance properties of a spatial reference. g filter) does to the different components (frequencies) of the signal (image) F,G are transform of f,g ,T-1 is inverse Fourier transform That is, F contains coefficients, when we write f as linear combinations of harmonic basis. 20 Marine Hydrodynamics AMass Tutorial Introduction to the 2. X coordinate values increase to the right, and Y coordinate values increase as they go down. An easy guide and cheat sheet for beginners to learn HTML, covering several topics on the basic HTML tags you are likely to need when learning how to make your own website. The x values increase to the right and the y values increase downwards. Tick marks and labels are added as before. We are assuming the the J2000 coordinate system is FK5 based. Why the upper-left corner There is a major difference in the layout of Java's coordinate system when compared with TurtleSpace. The applet's coordinate system starts at (0,0), which is at the upper left corner of the applet's display area. A Java applet is a program intended to be transported across the web, primarily to be used by web browsers. By default, the upper-left corner of a GUI component has the coordinates (0, 0). Advanced Applet; Basic Positive Applet - A basic applet limited to the first quadrant. Java uses the standard, two-dimensional, computer graphics coordinate system. Either geo, utm, spc or xyz, corresponding to geographic coordinates, UTM coordinates, State Plane coordinates or geocentric coordinates. The frames are synchronized, to show each color's representation in all color spaces simultaneously. 0 requires Java 1. The applet is designed to run inside a web browser rather than as a stand-alone program. Nov 29, 2016 · Lines are drawn by means of the drawLine( ) method which draws a line, using the current color, between the points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) in the graphics context's coordinate system. 1 Introduction • Applet – Program that runs in •appletviewer(test utility for applets) •Wrweo bbser (IE, Communicator) – Browser that executes applet is called applet container. An easy guide and cheat sheet for beginners to learn HTML, covering several topics on the basic HTML tags you are likely to need when learning how to make your own website. I have a map created in ArcGIS Pro ver 2, on the map the area of interest has a coordinate system of GDA94 MGA Zone 56. A Note for Instructors: some links below are for long modules with many mathlets and lots of accompanying text. … This is really the only point on the canvas … that we can be sure exists. For the four mouse events other than a click, the appropriate method does nothing. X coordinate values increase to the right, and Y coordinate values increase as they go down. Introduction to Java Applets 3 3. Each time a button is pressed, the word “Down. Geodetic Coordinate System. The Browse for Coordinate System dialog box will appear. Upgrading to the latest Java version improves the security of your system, as older versions do not include the latest security updates. Nov 30, 2019 · However, it is possible to execute the applets by using the Java interpreter (by using the main() method) if you extend your class with Frame. Choose from 34 different sets of applets flashcards on Quizlet. 0, we have removed Applet as the base class for PApplet. Move your mouse around to create particles of random colors. Second, this applet shows how looking at only a very small portion of any curve produces a straight line (linear approximation) of that curve. This page converts United States State Plane coordinates to other coordinate systems. The user can change the radius and angles and move the point of view. What this code means the g is a Graphics Object for the Applet. Catherine Riihimaki at x3349 or via email. Hello Friends, I am Free Lance Tutor, who helped student in completing their homework. K Guest Book Application Using Servlets Satish. Alternatively, given an ECEF coordinate, simply type in the ECEF's XYZ coordinates in the right pane and click the Locate button. A computational approach for system identification for the attitude dynamics of a rigid body is proposed. Coordinate Axes: When working with graphics, a coordinate system is essential for locating object. The HTML canvas is a two-dimensional grid. INTRODUCTION A web-based Java applet has been designed for students learning Linear Systems and Feedback Control. Take note of the places in the code where sign changes are pointed out. All applets are the subclasses of Applet class. Try IE11 or Safari and declare the site https://www. , appletviewer Myapp1. As of Processing 3. Applets can be used as rich graphics java programs on the Web. Try IE11 or Safari and declare the site https://www. Marc’s code uses the default coordinate system as the 0,0,0 point and I would like to modify this code to use a designated coordinate system instead of the default. The first visible pixel, in the upper left-hand corner of the applet canvas, is (0, 0). The applet's coordinate system starts at (0,0), which is at the upper left corner of the applet's display area. The Method of Characteristics (MOC) is a classic technique for designing supersonic nozzles. And I don't know that Leap Motion supports APIs to transform from 3D coordinate to 2D coordinate. These mathlets were created using LiveGraphics3D, a Java applet by Martin Kraus. Plot the point (-9, 0) and use it as the origin for a second coordinate system. The origin is at the center of the depth camera. … This is really the only point on the canvas … that we can be sure exists. See Also: getPose() for the pose of the physical camera. That is, they will have to use (x,y) coordinates that are calculated based on the actual height and width of the applet. The drawLine method parameters are (x1, y1, x2, y2). This class is defined as part of the java. It starts the program and ties it to the native browser. The spatial reference includes a coordinate system for x-, y-, and z-values as well as tolerance and resolution values for x-, y-, z-, and m- values. Over 12,000 coordinate system objects and methods are supported with basic pre-defined linear and angular units, ellipsoids, geodetic datums, datum transformations both horizontal and vertical, area of use polygons and coordinate reference systems. Java Coordinate System (0, 0) X Axis Y Axis (x, y) x y Java Coordinate System X Axis Conventional Coordinate System (0, 0) Y Axis (0, 0) Component c2 Component c1 (0, 0) (0, 0) (x1, y1) (x2, y2) (x3, y3) Component c3 c3’s coordinate system c2’s coordinate system c1’s coordinate system Each GUI Component Has its Own Coordinate System. CTMarker from). This will give a way to visualize how r changes with θ. The orientation follows the device's "native" orientation (it is not affected by display rotation) with all axes corresponding to those of the Android sensor coordinates. The origin is at the center of the depth camera. A Simple Applet * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Applets and applications An application is an “ordinary” program Examples: Notepad, MS Word, Firefox, Halo, etc. This is an instance of the class java. Jan 09, 2016 · Hi all I can't understand the coordinates system of three. Download Solution: Click to Download Solution Solution File Name: JavaAppletBusinessCard. Under IE11 and Java7u55 the applet pop ups Identification required. Applet is the base class for creating an applet. html Two activities we created for this applet can be found usi. The parts of a PCS, such as the projection, linear unit, and geographic coordinate system, are objects. Java Applets: GUI Components, Events, Etc. The coordinates are based on the location of stars relative to Earth’s equator if it were projected out to an infinite distance. There is a class in java called Class Point. cut-the-knot. setCanvasSize(800, 800) sets the canvas size to be 800-by-800 pixels. Your Applet can get hold of the parameters in the HTML (H yper t ext M arkup L anguage). Either geo, utm, spc or xyz, corresponding to geographic coordinates, UTM coordinates, State Plane coordinates or geocentric coordinates. Convert WGS84 coordinate to Google Map coordinate system (EPSG::3785) with GeoTools and Java. OlympicLogo. Applet java. 0, we have discontinued support for versions of Java prior to 1. The HTML canvas is a two-dimensional grid. The default coordinate system of a paint device has its origin at the top-left corner. (NativeEvent evt) Dispatched the given event with this element as its target. So the bigger the X value, the farther a point is to the right. That is same point pp can be written in two ways. In similarity with regular Cartesian coordinates, you plot this point by counting 1 unit in the positive x direction, and then 2 units in the positive y direction, and finally 5 units in the positive z direction.